Recognize the Types of Mood Disorders – Moods are often out of our control and often make us feel very worried about what is going on in front of us. Mood disorder screenings are often used as a way for health professionals to identify the type of mental disorder experienced. For example, to check whether someone is depressed or bipolar.

Recognize the Types of Mood Disorders

Recognizing the Types of Mood Disorders

The following are the most common types of mood disorders:

1. Major Depression

Lack of interest in usual activities, feelings of sadness or hopelessness, and other symptoms that have been present for at least two weeks. These conditions can indicate that a person is experiencing depression.

2. Dysthymia

This is chronic mood, low mood, depression, or irritability that lasts for at least two years.

3. Bipolar Disorder

This is a condition when a person experiences periods of depression that alternate with periods of mania or elevated mood.

4. Mood Disorders Associated with Other Health Conditions

Many medical illnesses (including cancer, injuries, infections, and chronic illnesses) can trigger symptoms of depression.

5. Substance-Induced Mood Disorder

Symptoms of depression caused by the effects of drugs, drug abuse, alcoholism, exposure to toxins, or other forms of drug use.

Many factors contribute to mood disorders. This condition is most likely caused by an imbalance of brain chemicals. Then it could also be that stressful life changes trigger a depressed mood. In addition, mood disorders can also be passed down in the family alias genetic.

Also Read : The Most Scary Mental Illness

Common Symptoms of Mood Disorders

As mentioned earlier, mood disorders are divided into several types depending on the symptoms and related health conditions. The following are the most common symptoms of mood disorders:

1. A persistently sad, anxious, or “empty” mood.

2. Feeling hopeless or helpless.

3. Have low self-esteem.

4. Feeling inadequate or worthless.

5. Excessive guilt.

6. Thinking about death or suicide.

7. Loss of interest in usual activities or activities once enjoyed, including sex.

8. Relationship problems.

9. Trouble sleeping or sleeping too much.

10. Changes in appetite and/or weight.

11. Reduced energy.

12. Difficulty concentrating.

14. Decreased ability to make decisions.

15. Frequent physical complaints (eg headaches, stomachaches, or fatigue) that do not improve with treatment.

16. Very sensitive to failure or rejection.

17. Irritability, hostility, or aggression.…

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The Most Scary Mental Illness – Basically disease can come anytime and anywhere. Some types of diseases sometimes still cannot be detected and the cause of their occurrence is known. Like a mental illness that really makes people feel untrue and always aloof.

While it’s fair to say that mental illness (any kind) can be scary for the sufferer, there are some rare disorders that are very scary for most people. Reported from various sources, this is one of them!

The Most Scary Mental Illness

1. Alien Hand Syndrome
Those with Alien Hand Syndrome lose complete control of one hand or the arm as a whole. This uncontrollable arm seems to have a mind and will of its own.

Alien Hand Syndrome sufferers report that their uncontrollable hands can do anything to the point of trying to strangle themselves. Alien Hand Syndrome most often appears in patients with Alzheimer’s Disease or Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease. Unfortunately, there is no cure for this mental disorder.

2. Boanthropy
Those who suffer from this rare – but very frightening – mental disorder called Boanthropy believe they are cows. Sufferers with Boanthropy are even found in fields with cows, walking on all fours and chewing grass as if they were true members of the herd.

Also Read : Megalomania Psychiatric Facts

3. Capgras Delusion
Capras Delusion, named after Joseph Capgras, a French psychiatrist, is a mental disorder in which sufferers believe that those around them have been replaced by an imposter. In one case, a 74-year-old woman with Capgras Delusion began to believe that her husband had been replaced with an identical imposter and wanted to hurt him. The disease is relatively rare, and is most commonly seen after trauma to the brain, or in those who have been diagnosed with dementia, schizophrenia or epilepsy.

4. Cotard Delusion
This frightening mental disorder makes sufferers believe that they are zombies or even ghosts. Cotard Delusion sufferers believe that their body has decayed or that their body has lost all blood and internal organs.

This feeling of having a rotting body is usually part of a delusion, and it should come as no surprise that many sufferers of Cotard Delusion experience severe depression. In some cases, this delusion ends up starving the sufferer to death.…

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Megalomania Psychiatric Facts – Maybe there are still many people who do not know what megalomania mental illness is. Megalomania disease is often experienced by certain people. Here are the facts

1. Symptoms of Mental Disorders

Megalomania means one of the symptoms of a mental disorder characterized by intense fantasies or violent behavior but the reality is not true. People with megalomania also feel adored and have impaired empathy.

Megalomania Psychiatric Facts

2. Power Thirst

Journal of ‘The Megalomaniac Traits of Personality: personality disorder, psychotic delusion or what? An ethological interpretation explains that megalomania syndrome prioritizes themselves and does not hesitate to eliminate their surroundings to dominate the environment they live in.

Although the goal is to protect the community, a person with megalomania syndrome will eventually lead to exploitation.

3. Part of Narcissism

Some experts see someone with mental illness or megalomania as narcissistic or narcissistic personality disorder in extreme conditions. In this condition, they see themselves as someone who is more capable, powerful and superior in all things.

Also Read : Habits That Can Cause Mental Disorders

4. Tend to bend reality to satisfy egocentricity

Delusional megalomania was first introduced into psychology and psychiatry by Sigmud Freud. The Austrian neurologist says that delusional megalomania is part of the hallmark of mild mental disorders in adults, manifested by accumulated childhood experiences.

A person with megalomania strongly defends the ideas they have. They will not see their own faults, but will seek attachment to the opponent’s ideas. In other words, megalomaniacs tend to be selfish.

5. Lying to Get Confession

Megalomania is taken from the Greek, which means “big obsession”. How big a person’s obsession or overestimation of his abilities, called megalomania, has different levels.

Like a while ago. In the case of Dwi Hartanto, a Doctoral student at Technise Universiteit Delft in the Netherlands, who has been touted as “Habibie’s successor” because of his achievements in the field of aeronautics. Dwi admitted that he lied about his achievements.

The behavior of lying itself is something that arises from a person’s psychic impulse. Whether it is realized or not, including those related to the desire to get more recognition, this is called megalomania.…

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Habits That Can Cause Mental Disorders – Without us realizing it turns out that there are some bad habits that will trigger mental disorders that lead to mental illness

1. Pessimist

Pessimistic people tend not to have good hopes and easily give up. Therefore, pessimism not only affects the way you view life, but also interferes with mental health. Loss of hope and a sense of hopelessness, if allowed to drag on, can be one of the symptoms of a mood disorder, namely depression. So, learn to think positively. Recognize your weaknesses and strengths, and focus on those strengths. Don’t just dwell on your weaknesses or bad situations.

Habits That Can Cause Mental Disorders

2. Perfectionist

Perfectionism tends to make a person want everything to be perfect, to go according to plan, and to be flawless. This perfect standard often makes a person disappointed and sad, especially if what was planned does not come true. If not controlled, a person becomes vulnerable to anxiety disorders (anxiety disorder). Set goals that are realistic, more achievable, and deal with mistakes or failures as a form of learning. If you’re starting to get anxious, calm yourself down with relaxation techniques, such as taking deep breaths.

3. Obsessive thoughts

Obsessions are negative thoughts that arise and are uncontrollable and recurring about a past or current event. For example, we are obsessed with always checking our cellphones or social media, we don’t want to miss any trivial information.

Also Read :Types and Symptoms That You Have Mental Disorders

4. Low self

People who tend to have low self-esteem, judge themselves to be lacking, compare themselves with others, and blame themselves too often will be easily stressed and depressed. It’s better to focus on what we have, maximize the potential we have, prove to ourselves that we have a myriad of abilities, and don’t think too much about other people’s comments about us.

5. Lack of sleep

Sleep is the body’s way of regenerating. Therefore, lack of sleep not only makes us sleepy, but can also disrupt the performance of the body’s systems. This will certainly interfere with mental health. A number of studies have proven the association of sleep deprivation with various types of mental disorders such as depression, bipolar disorder, and ADHD. Get used to sleep 8 hours a day. Or if you experience sleep disturbances, immediately check with a doctor to find out the cause and how to overcome it.

6. Lazy to move

A study conducted by experts from University College London found a link between physical activity and depression. The study states that active people are less likely to experience depression, because physical activity will reduce the risk of depression. Start with simple physical activity. For example, walking out of the house, going up and down stairs, cycling, or any activity that can keep the body and mind active.…

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Types and Symptoms That You Have Mental Disorders – Someone who is always mentally stressed, always being sued for this, they will experience a disease called mental illness. Someone who is mentally ill can look fine. But they feel very anxious and feel very deep despair, not even a few of them prefer to just end their lives. Mental health disorders are still very common and become a big problem in the world. Mental disorders are also defined as a disease or condition of a person that can affect the way he thinks, feels things and relates to other people when not at all. The following is an explanation of the types and signs that you have a mental disorder.

Types of mental disorders

1. Anxiety Disorder

Anxiety disorders are related to the fear of objects or situations. They also generally have an increased heart rate and sweat frequently.

This mental illness is detected if a person’s response does not match the situation or cannot control the response that is issued.

2. Mood Disorder

This type of mental disorder is associated with frequent feelings of sadness, over-happiness, or fluctuations from happiness to excessive sadness.

Examples of mood disorders are depression and bipolar.

Depression is generally characterized by sadness, loss of interest or pleasure, feelings of guilt or low self-esteem, disturbed sleep or appetite, fatigue, and poor concentration.

Bipolar usually consists of episodes of mania and depression, separated by periods of normal mood. Episodes of mania involve an elevated or irritable mood, excessive activity, rapid speech, increased self-esteem, and a low need for sleep.

People who have bouts of mania but no depressive episodes are also classified as having bipolar disorder.

3. Psychotic Disorder

Psychotic psychiatric illness involves distorted consciousness or thought patterns. The two most common symptoms are hallucinations and delusions.

Schizophrenia is an example of a psychotic disorder, which is characterized by distortions in thinking, perception, emotion, language, and behavior.

4. Eating Disorders

Eating disorders involve extreme emotions, attitudes, and behaviors that involve weight and food.

Eating disorders can take the form of insufficient or excessive food intake, which can ultimately impair the well-being of the individual.

The most common forms of eating disorders are Binge Eating Disorder, Anorexia Nervosa, and Bulimia Nervosa.

5. Impulse Control

Impulse control disorders make the sufferer unable to resist the urge or urge to take actions that are harmful to themselves or others.

Oftentimes, people with this disorder become so involved with the object of addiction that they tend to neglect responsibility.

Also Read : Know the Types and Ways of Overcoming Psychotic Pain

Pyromania (starting a fire) and kleptomania (stealing) are examples of impulse control disorders.

6. Personality Disorder

This is a type of mental disorder that makes sufferers have a pattern of thought or behavior that tends to be rigid and unhealthy.

A person with a personality disorder has difficulty understanding and relating to situations with other individuals. This causes significant problems and limitations in relationships, social activities, work, and school.

7. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

A person who has OCD is clouded with constant thoughts or fears, which make them perform certain actions.

An example of OCD is a person with an excessive fear of germs, so he constantly washes his hands.

8. Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a type of mental disorder that follows a traumatic or frightening event in the past. For example, sexual or physical assault.

A person who experiences PTSD generally has lasting thoughts and memories and tends to be emotionally “numb”.

It occurs when a person develops emotional or behavioral symptoms in response to stressful events or situations.

Stress response syndrome usually begins within three months of the event, and ends within six months after the stressor has stopped or disappeared.

9. Dissociative Disorder

People with dissociative disorders tend to experience changes in memory, awareness, identity, and general awareness of themselves and their environment.

This type of mental disorder is often associated with extreme stress, which may be the result of a traumatic event or accident, including disasters that may be experienced or witnessed.

10. Factitious Disorder

This deceptive mental illness is a condition when a person consciously and intentionally creates or complains about physical or emotional symptoms so that he can play the role of a patient.

Signs of mental disorders

1. Feeling sad and hopeless

If you feel sad, hopeless, and tend to isolate yourself for more than two weeks, be aware that your mental health is in trouble.

2. There is an intention to end life

This sign should also be watched out for. If you have the desire or intention to commit suicide or end your life, it could be that you are currently experiencing a mental disorder.

3. Can’t control myself

You become unruly and like to take various risky actions.

4. Fear for no reason

Often feel suddenly afraid for no apparent reason? Frequent shortness of breath or a sudden rapid heartbeat? Maybe the cause is your unstable mental state.

5. Extreme dietary changes

Not eating or vomiting more often or taking laxatives to lose weight can be signs of a mental disorder. Extreme weight gain or loss can also be a symptom.…

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Know the Types and Ways of Overcoming Psychotic Pain – Mental illness or psychotic mental disorder is a condition in which people who suffer from it will have difficulty distinguishing between the real world and what is only their imagination. The most common symptom is delusions or delusions that we all know Imagination. People who suffer from this disease will have excessive hallucinations as if someone is talking to him, when in fact there is no one around him. Mental health disorders are a serious problem in Indonesia. Mental health is a serious problem so you have to really understand its causes and how to deal with it.

sakit jiwa

Various Psychological Diseases

1. Anxiety Disorder

His famous name is anxiety disorder. “Usually, sufferers will respond to certain objects or situations with extreme fear, accompanied by panic symptoms such as rapid heartbeat and sweating,” said Dr. Timothy Scarella, instructor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School.

You may have experienced panic during exams or job interviews. However, anxiety disorders are different from your experience of taking the exam. Anxiety disorder is a mental disorder, which makes sufferers live with anxiety, fear, and excessive worry.

2. Mood Disorder

Also called affective disorder, it involves feelings of sadness or feeling too happy, or fluctuations in extreme happiness and sadness.

Some examples of psychological illnesses that include mood disorders are bipolar, long-term depression, seasonal affective disorder, mood swings and irritability that occur during the premenstrual phase, and depression due to physical illness.

3. Psychotic Disorder

“Psychotic disorders involve distorted consciousness and thinking. “The most common symptom of a psychotic disorder is hallucinations, such as hearing voices and delusions that no one else can see,” says Dr Scarella.

Citing WebMD, some of the psychological illnesses that fall under this psychotic disorder include:

Schizophrenia, people with this disease experience changes in behavior and other symptoms, such as delusions and hallucinations that last more than 6 months. This psychological illness usually affects sufferers’ lives at work or school, as well as their relationships with other people.
Paraphrenia, this psychological disease has symptoms similar to schizophrenia and usually begins in old age, when people are old.
Schizophreniform disorder, this mental disorder includes symptoms of schizophrenia, but the symptoms last much shorter, between 1 and 6 months.
Schizoaffective disorder, is a person who has symptoms of schizophrenia and mood disorders, such as depression or bipolar disorder.
Brief psychotic disorder, people with this disease usually experience a sudden brief psychotic behavior, often in response to a very stressful event, such as a death in the family. Recovery tends to be fast, usually less than a month.
Shared psychotic disorder (also called folie deux), usually occurs when one person in a relationship has delusions and another person in the relationship also experiences them.
Delusional disorder, the sufferer experiences delusions (false and persistent beliefs) involving real-life situations that may be true but are not, such as being followed, plotted, or suffering from an illness. The delusion lasts for at least 1 month.
Substance-induced psychotic disorder, this condition is caused by the use or withdrawal of drugs, such as hallucinogens and cocaine, that cause hallucinations, delusions, or speech confusion.
Psychotic disorders due to other medical conditions, hallucinations, delusions, or symptoms of other psychotic disorders can occur due to other illnesses that affect brain function, such as head injuries or brain tumors.

4. Eating Disorders
It usually results from extreme emotions, attitudes, and behaviors that involve weight and food. Psychological diseases including the most common eating disorders, namely:

Anorexia: refusal to maintain a healthy weight and excessive fear of gaining weight due to distorted self-image
Bulimia: overeating then trying to get back what they have eaten, such as vomiting
Binge eating disorder: eating large amounts of food that is difficult to stop.
Also read: The Relationship Between Depression and Eating Disorders, Know the Symptoms

Also Read : Trauma that only thought of as natural

5. Impulse Control Disorder and Addiction

Other psychological ailments are impulse control disorders and addictions.

People with impulse control disorders cannot resist the urge to take actions that can harm themselves or others.

Examples of these disorders are pyromania (a mental disorder characterized by a strong urge to intentionally light a fire to relieve tension and usually lead to feelings of relief or satisfaction after doing so) and kleptomania (stealing).

6. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) often experiences obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors. Unwanted and unpleasant thoughts, images, or impulses enter the mind and cause feelings of anxiety, disgust or displeasure.

“For example, if someone is afraid of having their house robbed, they feel they need to lock all the windows and doors several times before they can leave the house. Another example is when someone washes their hands repeatedly for fear of germs,” ​​said Dr Scarella.

7. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a condition that can develop after a traumatic event, such as sexual abuse, violence, an accident, natural disaster, or the death of a loved one.

According to the American Psychiatric Association, people with PTSD have intense and disturbing thoughts or feelings related to their experiences that last long after the traumatic event has ended. People with PTSD may relive the event through flashbacks or nightmares, they may feel sad, scared or angry, and feel separated or isolated from others.

Usually, people with PTSD will also avoid situations or people that remind them of the traumatic event.

In addition, they may have a strong negative reaction to something that other people take for granted. For example, loud noises or accidental touches.…

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Trauma that only thought of as natural

Trauma that only thought of as natural – everyone must have a past that traumatized him both in some aspects of the incident but it turns out that it can cause mental illness as well, why is that so.

PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) or post-traumatic stress disorder is a mental disorder that occurs after a person experiences or witnesses an unpleasant event, which is an anxiety disorder that causes sufferers to remember traumatic events. Traumatic events that can trigger PTSD include war, accidents, natural disasters, and sexual abuse.

Also Read :Doing an Excessive and Repetitive Thing

Post-traumatic stress disorder generally affects women more than men. The reason is, most women are more sensitive to change than men, so they experience more intense emotions. Post-traumatic stress disorder is a condition that can affect patients of all ages, even children. PTSD can be treated by reducing risk factors.

The appearance of symptoms caused by PTSD varies, some appear within 1 month after the incident. However, in some cases, new symptoms will appear years after a person has experienced the traumatic event. PTSD symptoms are generally divided into 4 types, namely intrusive memory, avoidance or avoidance, negative changes in thinking, mood, and changes in physical and emotional reactions.

If you look at the prevalence, PTSD has a lifetime prevalence, which is between 8 – 10 percent, followed by social disability. People who are at risk of suffering from PTSD are generally women. This is because women experience more sexual harassment than men.…

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Doing an Excessive and Repetitive Thing

Doing an Excessive and Repetitive Thing – maybe for some people it is a natural thing if we do something that really has to be done repeatedly to make sure something is done is correct or not yet, but what turns out to be that this behavior is one of the mental disorders.

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental disorder that causes sufferers to feel the need to take action repeatedly. If it is not done, people with OCD will be filled with anxiety or fear and can be experienced by anyone. although it is common in early adulthood, OCD can also occur in children or adolescents. Sometimes people with OCD may realize that their thoughts and actions are excessive, but still feel they have to and cannot avoid them.

Also Read :Very Severe Mood Changes

which usually OCD sufferers usually avoid the triggers of their obsession. Most adult sufferers even realize that their rituals don’t make sense. However, they couldn’t stop it. Symptoms can come and go and subside or get worse over time. which also occurs differences in the subcortical structure of the brain on examination with brain imaging tools. However, the relationship between OCD symptoms and abnormalities in this particular part of the brain is still being investigated.

Symptoms often occur with Fear such as fear of dirt, germs, fire, or physical damage can also be doubtful as to doubt whether a job has been done correctly, such as locking a door or turning off the stove and finally unreasonable thoughts such as aggression, unreasonable actions. inappropriate, or sexual acts

you have to keep monitoring it to make sure if it really happened just because it is only to make sure you suffer from one of these mental illnesses so it must be monitored,…

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Very Severe Mood Changes

Very Severe Mood Changes – for mental illness this time is the most dangerous thing although the mental illness is also dangerous but this is the most dangerous of all.

Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder characterized by drastic emotional changes. A person with bipolar disorder can experience manic (very happy) and depressive (very bad) symptoms. which is where the patient continues to experience a normal mood state. but it should be emphasized, depression and bipolar disorder are not the same thing.

which is when a person with bipolar disorder is sad, he will feel very depressed, lose hope, and can even lose the desire to carry out daily activities. However, when a happy episode occurs, he will feel very excited and full of passion. These mood changes can occur several times a year. which can lead to damaged personal relationships, low motivation and productivity in the workplace. This condition can also cause an even worse disorder, namely feelings of suicidal thoughts.

Also Read :Feeling fat when already thin

People with bipolar who are entering a manic phase will look very different from people who are entering a phase of depression. That is why, bipolar sufferers are often said to have multiple personalities. The cause of bipolar disorder is unknown. However, it is suspected that bipolar disorder is the result of a disruption in natural compounds that function to maintain brain function (neurotransmitters). either from genetics or the environment

If you have found these signs in the person closest to you, try to see the development of bipolar disorder and also continue to support it so that it turns out that you think is wrong and if it turns out to be true, quickly take it to the hospital for follow-up…

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Feeling fat when already thin

Feeling fat when already thin – everyone would want to have an ideal body for their own happiness which in fact this can affect mentally. even though it can be done slowly.

Anorexia nervosa, also known as anorexia, is an eating disorder characterized by excessive fear of gaining weight and impaired perception of body shape. Anorexia sufferers are obsessed with having a thin body, and make various efforts to get the ideal body shape according to them.

Also Read :Schizophrenia Derived From Multiple Behaviors

Eating disorders are serious diseases characterized by disturbances in a person’s behavior, emotions, and thoughts about food. There are three main groups of eating disorders, namely anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorders. However, what is often confused is the notion of anorexia with bulimia.

Apart from diet, sometimes you can try to remove food by regurgitating food and using laxatives. Anorexia is different from another well-known eating disorder, namely bulimia. Even though the sufferer both make efforts to remove food, the basis of anorexia is the sufferer’s belief that he is too fat.

Meanwhile, bulimia sufferers usually do this because they feel guilty because they are addicted to uncontrolled eating, which is caused by biological, environmental, and psychological factors. Some of the conditions that can cause a person to be prone to eating disorders are the most common ones due to depression, which actually causes inflammation and pain in the esophagus due to frequent exposure to stomach acid when vomiting.…

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