Types and Symptoms That You Have Mental Disorders – Someone who is always mentally stressed, always being sued for this, they will experience a disease called mental illness. Someone who is mentally ill can look fine. But they feel very anxious and feel very deep despair, not even a few of them prefer to just end their lives. Mental health disorders are still very common and become a big problem in the world. Mental disorders are also defined as a disease or condition of a person that can affect the way he thinks, feels things and relates to other people when not at all. The following is an explanation of the types and signs that you have a mental disorder.
Types of mental disorders
1. Anxiety Disorder
Anxiety disorders are related to the fear of objects or situations. They also generally have an increased heart rate and sweat frequently.
This mental illness is detected if a person’s response does not match the situation or cannot control the response that is issued.
2. Mood Disorder
This type of mental disorder is associated with frequent feelings of sadness, over-happiness, or fluctuations from happiness to excessive sadness.
Examples of mood disorders are depression and bipolar.
Depression is generally characterized by sadness, loss of interest or pleasure, feelings of guilt or low self-esteem, disturbed sleep or appetite, fatigue, and poor concentration.
Bipolar usually consists of episodes of mania and depression, separated by periods of normal mood. Episodes of mania involve an elevated or irritable mood, excessive activity, rapid speech, increased self-esteem, and a low need for sleep.
People who have bouts of mania but no depressive episodes are also classified as having bipolar disorder.
3. Psychotic Disorder
Psychotic psychiatric illness involves distorted consciousness or thought patterns. The two most common symptoms are hallucinations and delusions.
Schizophrenia is an example of a psychotic disorder, which is characterized by distortions in thinking, perception, emotion, language, and behavior.
4. Eating Disorders
Eating disorders involve extreme emotions, attitudes, and behaviors that involve weight and food.
Eating disorders can take the form of insufficient or excessive food intake, which can ultimately impair the well-being of the individual.
The most common forms of eating disorders are Binge Eating Disorder, Anorexia Nervosa, and Bulimia Nervosa.
5. Impulse Control
Impulse control disorders make the sufferer unable to resist the urge or urge to take actions that are harmful to themselves or others.
Oftentimes, people with this disorder become so involved with the object of addiction that they tend to neglect responsibility.
Pyromania (starting a fire) and kleptomania (stealing) are examples of impulse control disorders.
6. Personality Disorder
This is a type of mental disorder that makes sufferers have a pattern of thought or behavior that tends to be rigid and unhealthy.
A person with a personality disorder has difficulty understanding and relating to situations with other individuals. This causes significant problems and limitations in relationships, social activities, work, and school.
7. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
A person who has OCD is clouded with constant thoughts or fears, which make them perform certain actions.
An example of OCD is a person with an excessive fear of germs, so he constantly washes his hands.
8. Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a type of mental disorder that follows a traumatic or frightening event in the past. For example, sexual or physical assault.
A person who experiences PTSD generally has lasting thoughts and memories and tends to be emotionally “numb”.
It occurs when a person develops emotional or behavioral symptoms in response to stressful events or situations.
Stress response syndrome usually begins within three months of the event, and ends within six months after the stressor has stopped or disappeared.
9. Dissociative Disorder
People with dissociative disorders tend to experience changes in memory, awareness, identity, and general awareness of themselves and their environment.
This type of mental disorder is often associated with extreme stress, which may be the result of a traumatic event or accident, including disasters that may be experienced or witnessed.
10. Factitious Disorder
This deceptive mental illness is a condition when a person consciously and intentionally creates or complains about physical or emotional symptoms so that he can play the role of a patient.
Signs of mental disorders
1. Feeling sad and hopeless
If you feel sad, hopeless, and tend to isolate yourself for more than two weeks, be aware that your mental health is in trouble.
2. There is an intention to end life
This sign should also be watched out for. If you have the desire or intention to commit suicide or end your life, it could be that you are currently experiencing a mental disorder.
3. Can’t control myself
You become unruly and like to take various risky actions.
4. Fear for no reason
Often feel suddenly afraid for no apparent reason? Frequent shortness of breath or a sudden rapid heartbeat? Maybe the cause is your unstable mental state.
5. Extreme dietary changes
Not eating or vomiting more often or taking laxatives to lose weight can be signs of a mental disorder. Extreme weight gain or loss can also be a symptom.