Know the Types and Ways of Overcoming Psychotic Pain – Mental illness or psychotic mental disorder is a condition in which people who suffer from it will have difficulty distinguishing between the real world and what is only their imagination. The most common symptom is delusions or delusions that we all know Imagination. People who suffer from this disease will have excessive hallucinations as if someone is talking to him, when in fact there is no one around him. Mental health disorders are a serious problem in Indonesia. Mental health is a serious problem so you have to really understand its causes and how to deal with it.
Various Psychological Diseases
1. Anxiety Disorder
His famous name is anxiety disorder. “Usually, sufferers will respond to certain objects or situations with extreme fear, accompanied by panic symptoms such as rapid heartbeat and sweating,” said Dr. Timothy Scarella, instructor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School.
You may have experienced panic during exams or job interviews. However, anxiety disorders are different from your experience of taking the exam. Anxiety disorder is a mental disorder, which makes sufferers live with anxiety, fear, and excessive worry.
2. Mood Disorder
Also called affective disorder, it involves feelings of sadness or feeling too happy, or fluctuations in extreme happiness and sadness.
Some examples of psychological illnesses that include mood disorders are bipolar, long-term depression, seasonal affective disorder, mood swings and irritability that occur during the premenstrual phase, and depression due to physical illness.
3. Psychotic Disorder
“Psychotic disorders involve distorted consciousness and thinking. “The most common symptom of a psychotic disorder is hallucinations, such as hearing voices and delusions that no one else can see,” says Dr Scarella.
Citing WebMD, some of the psychological illnesses that fall under this psychotic disorder include:
Schizophrenia, people with this disease experience changes in behavior and other symptoms, such as delusions and hallucinations that last more than 6 months. This psychological illness usually affects sufferers’ lives at work or school, as well as their relationships with other people.
Paraphrenia, this psychological disease has symptoms similar to schizophrenia and usually begins in old age, when people are old.
Schizophreniform disorder, this mental disorder includes symptoms of schizophrenia, but the symptoms last much shorter, between 1 and 6 months.
Schizoaffective disorder, is a person who has symptoms of schizophrenia and mood disorders, such as depression or bipolar disorder.
Brief psychotic disorder, people with this disease usually experience a sudden brief psychotic behavior, often in response to a very stressful event, such as a death in the family. Recovery tends to be fast, usually less than a month.
Shared psychotic disorder (also called folie deux), usually occurs when one person in a relationship has delusions and another person in the relationship also experiences them.
Delusional disorder, the sufferer experiences delusions (false and persistent beliefs) involving real-life situations that may be true but are not, such as being followed, plotted, or suffering from an illness. The delusion lasts for at least 1 month.
Substance-induced psychotic disorder, this condition is caused by the use or withdrawal of drugs, such as hallucinogens and cocaine, that cause hallucinations, delusions, or speech confusion.
Psychotic disorders due to other medical conditions, hallucinations, delusions, or symptoms of other psychotic disorders can occur due to other illnesses that affect brain function, such as head injuries or brain tumors.
4. Eating Disorders
It usually results from extreme emotions, attitudes, and behaviors that involve weight and food. Psychological diseases including the most common eating disorders, namely:
Anorexia: refusal to maintain a healthy weight and excessive fear of gaining weight due to distorted self-image
Bulimia: overeating then trying to get back what they have eaten, such as vomiting
Binge eating disorder: eating large amounts of food that is difficult to stop.
Also read: The Relationship Between Depression and Eating Disorders, Know the Symptoms
Also Read : Trauma that only thought of as natural
5. Impulse Control Disorder and Addiction
Other psychological ailments are impulse control disorders and addictions.
People with impulse control disorders cannot resist the urge to take actions that can harm themselves or others.
Examples of these disorders are pyromania (a mental disorder characterized by a strong urge to intentionally light a fire to relieve tension and usually lead to feelings of relief or satisfaction after doing so) and kleptomania (stealing).
6. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) often experiences obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors. Unwanted and unpleasant thoughts, images, or impulses enter the mind and cause feelings of anxiety, disgust or displeasure.
“For example, if someone is afraid of having their house robbed, they feel they need to lock all the windows and doors several times before they can leave the house. Another example is when someone washes their hands repeatedly for fear of germs,” said Dr Scarella.
7. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a condition that can develop after a traumatic event, such as sexual abuse, violence, an accident, natural disaster, or the death of a loved one.
According to the American Psychiatric Association, people with PTSD have intense and disturbing thoughts or feelings related to their experiences that last long after the traumatic event has ended. People with PTSD may relive the event through flashbacks or nightmares, they may feel sad, scared or angry, and feel separated or isolated from others.
Usually, people with PTSD will also avoid situations or people that remind them of the traumatic event.
In addition, they may have a strong negative reaction to something that other people take for granted. For example, loud noises or accidental touches.